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His retirement coincided with DC Comics' decision to streamline the shared continuity called the DC Universe with the companywide-crossover storyline " Crisis on Infinite Earths ".

Writer John Byrne rewrote the Superman mythos, again reducing Superman's powers, which writers had slowly re-strengthened, and revised many supporting characters, such as making Lex Luthor a billionaire industrialist rather than a mad scientist, and making Supergirl an artificial shapeshifting organism because DC wanted Superman to be the sole surviving Kryptonian.

Carlin was promoted to Executive Editor for the DC Universe books in , a position he held until Carlson took his place as editor of the Superman comics.

In the earlier decades of Superman comics, artists were expected to conform to a certain "house style". After Shuster left National, Wayne Boring succeeded him as the principal artist on Superman comic books.

The first adaptation of Superman beyond comic books was a radio show, The Adventures of Superman , which ran from to for 2, episodes, most of which were aimed at children.

The episodes were initially 15 minutes long, but after they were lengthened to 30 minutes. Most episodes were done live. In Superman had a Tony -nominated musical play produced on Broadway.

It's a Bird It's a Plane Paramount Pictures released a series of Superman theatrical animated shorts between and Seventeen episodes in total were made, each 8—10 minutes long.

The first nine episodes were produced by Fleischer Studios and the next eight were produced by Famous Studios. Bud Collyer provided the voice of Superman.

The first live-action adaptation of Superman was a movie serial released in , targeted at children.

Kirk Alyn became the first actor to portray the hero onscreen. It was the most profitable movie serial in movie history.

Superman , was released in For flying scenes, Superman was hand-drawn in animated form, composited onto live-action footage.

The first big-budget movie was Superman in , starring Christopher Reeve and produced by Alexander and Ilya Salkind.

It is the most successful Superman feature film to date in terms of box office revenue adjusted for inflation.

Superman was the first big-budget superhero movie, and its success arguably paved the way for later superhero movies like Batman and Spider-Man In , Man of Steel was released by Warner Bros.

Its sequel, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice , featured Superman alongside Batman and Wonder Woman , making it the first theatrical movie in which Superman appeared alongside other superheroes from the DC Universe.

Cavill reprised his role in Justice League and is under contract to play Superman in one more film. Adventures of Superman , which aired from to , was the first television series based on a superhero.

It starred George Reeves as Superman. Whereas the radio serial was aimed at children, this television show was aimed at a general audience, [] [] although children made up the majority of viewers.

Robert Maxwell, who produced the radio serial , was the producer for the first season. For the second season, Maxwell was replaced with Whitney Ellsworth.

Ellsworth toned down the violence of the show to make it more suitable for children, though he still aimed for a general audience.

This show was extremely popular in Japan, where it achieved an audience share rating of His first animated television series was The New Adventures of Superman , which aired from to The show also feature a seven-minute part focused on Superboy named The Adventures of Superboy.

Starting in , Superman was one of the leading characters in Hanna-Barbera produced an animated series called Super Friends and all its sequels until To celebrate his 50th anniversary, Ruby-Spears produced an animated series partially based on Superman and post-Crisis Superman comics created by John Byrne.

The model sheets for this series were drawn by legendary comics artist Gil Kane and most of the episodes were written by comics writer Marv Wolfman.

Superboy aired from to It was produced by Alexander and Ilya Salkind, the same men who had produced the Superman movies starring Christopher Reeve.

This show was aimed at adults and focused on the relationship between Clark Kent and Lois Lane as much as Superman's heroics.

Smallville aired from to The show was targeted at young adults. Although Clark engages in heroics in this show, he doesn't wear a costume, nor does he call himself Superboy.

Rather, he relies on misdirection and his blinding speed to avoid being recognized. Superman: The Animated Series with the voice of Tim Daly on the main character aired from to After the show's cancellation, this version of Superman appeared in the sequel shows Batman Beyond voiced by Christopher McDonald aired from to and Justice League and Justice League Unlimited voiced by George Newbern , which ran from to All of these shows were produced by Bruce Timm.

This was the most successful and longest-running animated version of Superman. Superman has appeared in a series of direct-to-video animated movies produced by Warner Bros.

Many of these movies are adaptations of popular comic book stories. The first electronic game was simply titled Superman , and released in for the Atari The last game centered on Superman was Superman Returns adapted from the movie in Superman has, however, appeared in more recent games starring the Justice League, such as Injustice 2 DC Comics trademarked the Superman chest logo in August The earliest paraphernalia appeared in a button proclaiming membership in the Supermen of America club.

The first toy was a wooden doll in made by the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company. Action Comics and Superman carried messages urging readers to buy war bonds and participate in scrap drives.

This was normal practice in the comic magazine industry and they had done the same with their previous published works Slam Bradley , Doctor Occult , etc.

Siegel wrote most of the magazine and daily newspaper stories until he was conscripted into the army in , whereupon the task was passed to ghostwriters.

Siegel was furious because DC Comics did this without having bought the character. In , Siegel and Shuster attempted to regain rights to Superman using the renewal option in the Copyright Act of , but the court ruled Siegel and Shuster had transferred the renewal rights to DC Comics in Siegel and Shuster appealed, but the appeals court upheld this decision.

DC Comics fired Siegel when he filed this second lawsuit. In , Siegel and a number of other comic book writers and artists launched a public campaign for better compensation and treatment of comic creators.

Warner Brothers agreed to give Siegel and Shuster a yearly stipend, full medical benefits, and credit their names in all future Superman productions in exchange for never contesting ownership of Superman.

Siegel and Shuster upheld this bargain. Shuster died in DC Comics offered Shuster's heirs a stipend in exchange for never challenging ownership of Superman, which they accepted for some years.

Siegel died in His heirs attempted to take the rights to Superman using the termination provision of the Copyright Act of Copyright lawyer and movie producer Marc Toberoff then struck a deal with the heirs of both Siegel and Shuster to help them get the rights to Superman in exchange for signing the rights over to his production company, Pacific Pictures.

Both groups accepted. In , the judge ruled in favor of the Siegels. DC Comics appealed the decision, and the appeals court ruled in favor of DC, arguing that the October letter was binding.

In , the Shuster heirs served a termination notice for Shuster's grant of his half of the copyright to Superman.

DC Comics sued the Shuster heirs in , and the court ruled in DC's favor on the grounds that the agreement with the Shuster heirs barred them from terminating the grant.

Under current US copyright law, Superman is due to enter the public domain in Versions of him with later developments, such as his power of " heat vision " introduced in , may persist under copyright until the works they were introduced in enter the public domain themselves.

Superman's success immediately begat a wave of imitations. The most successful of these at this early age was Captain Marvel , first published by Fawcett Comics in December Captain Marvel had many similarities to Superman: Herculean strength, invulnerability, the ability to fly, a cape, a secret identity, and a job as a journalist.

DC Comics filed a lawsuit against Fawcett Comics for copyright infringement. The trial began in March after seven years of discovery. The judge ruled that Fawcett had indeed infringed on Superman.

However, the judge also found that the copyright notices that appeared with the Superman newspaper strips did not meet the technical standards of the Copyright Act of and were therefore invalid.

Furthermore, since the newspaper strips carried stories adapted from Action Comics , the judge ruled that DC Comics had effectively abandoned the copyright to the Action Comics stories.

The judge ruled that DC Comics had effectively abandoned the copyright to Superman and therefore forfeited its right to sue Fawcett for copyright infringement.

DC Comics appealed this decision. The appeals court ruled that unintentional mistakes in the copyright notices of the newspaper strips did not invalidate the copyrights.

Furthermore, Fawcett knew that DC Comics never intended to abandon the copyrights, and therefore Fawcett's infringement was not an innocent misunderstanding, and therefore Fawcett owed damages to DC Comics.

This section details the most consistent elements of the Superman narrative in the myriad stories published since In Action Comics 1 , Superman is born on an alien world to a technologically advanced species that resembles humans.

Shortly after he is born, his planet is destroyed in a natural cataclysm, but Superman's scientist father foresaw the calamity and saves his baby son by sending him to Earth in a small spaceship.

The ship, sadly, is too small to carry anyone else, so Superman's parents stay behind and die. The earliest newspaper strips name the planet "Krypton", the baby "Kal-L", and his biological parents "Jor-L" and "Lora"; [] their names were changed to "Jor-el", and "Lara" in a spinoff novel by George Lowther.

The Kents name the boy Clark and raise him in a farming community. A episode of the radio serial places this unnamed community in Iowa.

The Superman movie placed it in Kansas, as have most Superman stories since. In Action Comics 1 and most stories before , Superman's powers begin developing in infancy.

From to , DC Comics regularly published stories of Superman's childhood and adolescent adventures, when he called himself " Superboy ".

In Man of Steel 1, Superman's powers emerged more slowly and he began his superhero career as an adult.

The Kents teach Clark he must conceal his otherworldly origins and use his fantastic powers to do good. Clark creates the costumed identity of Superman so as to protect his personal privacy and the safety of his loved ones.

As Clark Kent, he wears eyeglasses to disguise his face and wears his Superman costume underneath his clothes so that he can change at a moment's notice.

To complete this disguise, Clark avoids violent confrontation, preferring to slip away and change into Superman when danger arises, and he suffers occasional ridicule for his apparent cowardice.

In Superboy 78 , Superboy makes his costume out of the indestructible blankets found in the ship he came to Earth in.

In Man of Steel 1 , Martha Kent makes the costume from human-manufactured cloth, and it is rendered indestructible by an "aura" that Superman projects.

The "S" on Superman's chest at first was simply an initial for "Superman". When writing the script for the movie , Tom Mankiewicz made it Superman's Kryptonian family crest.

In the comic story Superman: Birthright , the crest is described as an old Kryptonian symbol for hope. Clark works as a newspaper journalist.

In the earliest stories, he worked for The Daily Star , but the second episode of the radio serial changed this to the Daily Planet. In comics from the early s, Clark worked as a television journalist an attempt to modernize the character.

However, for the movie , the producers chose to make Clark a newspaper journalist again because that was how most of the public thought of him.

The first story in which Superman dies was published in Superman , in which he is murdered by Lex Luthor by means of kryptonite.

This story was "imaginary" and thus was ignored in subsequent books. In Superman April , Superman is killed by kryptonite radiation but is revived in the same issue by one of his android doppelgangers.

He was later revived by the Eradicator using Kryptonian technology. In Superman 52 May Superman is killed by kryptonite poisoning, and this time he is not resurrected, but replaced by the Superman of an alternate timeline.

Superman maintains a secret hideout called the "Fortress of Solitude", which is located somewhere in the Arctic.

Here, Superman keeps a collection of mementos and a laboratory for science experiments. In Action Comics , the Fortress of Solitude is a cave in a mountain, sealed with a very heavy door that is opened with a gigantic key too heavy for anyone but Superman to use.

In the movie, the Fortress of Solitude is a structure made out of ice. The movie Man of Steel portrays the Fortress as a Kryptonian exploratory craft buried deep beneath rock and ice.

Although his name and history were taken from his early life with his adoptive Earth parents, everything about Clark was staged for the benefit of his alternate identity: as a reporter for the Daily Planet , he receives late-breaking news before the general public, has a plausible reason to be present at crime scenes, and need not strictly account for his whereabouts as long as he makes his story deadlines.

He sees his job as a journalist as an extension of his Superman responsibilities—bringing truth to the forefront and fighting for the little guy. He believes that everybody has the right to know what is going on in the world, regardless of who is involved.

To deflect suspicion that he is Superman, Clark Kent adopted a largely passive and introverted personality with conservative mannerisms, a higher-pitched voice, and a slight slouch.

This personality is typically described as "mild-mannered", perhaps most famously by the opening narration of Max Fleischer 's Superman animated theatrical shorts.

These traits extended into Clark's wardrobe, which typically consists of a bland-colored business suit, a red necktie, black-rimmed glasses, combed-back hair, and occasionally a fedora.

Clark wears his Superman costume underneath his street clothes, allowing easy changes between the two personae and the dramatic gesture of ripping open his shirt to reveal the familiar "S" emblem when called into action.

Superman usually stores his Clark Kent clothing compressed in a secret pouch within his cape, [] though some stories have shown him leaving his clothes in some covert location such as the Daily Planet storeroom [] for later retrieval.

As Superman's alter ego , the personality, concept, and name of Clark Kent have become ingrained in popular culture as well, becoming synonymous with secret identities and innocuous fronts for ulterior motives and activities.

In , Superman co-creator Joe Shuster told the Toronto Star that the name derived from s cinematic leading men Clark Gable and Kent Taylor , but the persona from bespectacled silent film comic Harold Lloyd and himself.

Clark's middle name is given variously as either Joseph, Jerome, or Jonathan, all being allusions to creators Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. In the original Siegel and Shuster stories, Superman's personality is rough and aggressive.

He often uses excessive force and terror against criminals, on some occasions even killing them. This came to an end in late when new editor Whitney Ellsworth instituted a code of conduct for his characters to follow, banning Superman from ever killing.

Ellsworth's code, however, is not to be confused with " the Comics Code ", which was created in by the Comics Code Authority and ultimately abandoned by every major comic book publisher by the early 21st century.

In his first appearances, Superman was considered a vigilante by the authorities, being fired upon by the National Guard as he razed a slum so that the government would create better housing conditions for the poor.

By , however, Superman was working side-by-side with the police. He adheres to an unwavering moral code instilled in him by his adoptive parents.

Superman can be rather rigid in this trait, causing tensions in the superhero community. Having lost his home world of Krypton, Superman is very protective of Earth, [] and especially of Clark Kent's family and friends.

This same loss, combined with the pressure of using his powers responsibly, has caused Superman to feel lonely on Earth, despite having his friends and parents.

Previous encounters with people he thought to be fellow Kryptonians, Power Girl [] who is, in fact from the Krypton of the Earth-Two universe and Mon-El , [] have led to disappointment.

The arrival of Supergirl , who has been confirmed to be not only from Krypton, but also his cousin, has relieved this loneliness somewhat.

In many ways, Clark is the most human of us all. And how fortunate we all are that it does not occur to him. The catalog of Superman's abilities and his strength has varied considerably over the vast body of Superman fiction released since Since Action Comics 1 , Superman has superhuman strength.

The cover of Action Comics 1 shows him effortlessly lifting a car over his head. Another classic feat of strength on Superman's part is breaking steel chains.

In some stories, he is strong enough to shift the orbits of planets [] and crush coal into diamond with his hands. Since Action Comics 1 , Superman has a highly durable body, invulnerable for most practical purposes.

At the very least, bullets bounce harmlessly off his body. In some stories, such as Kingdom Come , not even a nuclear bomb can harm him.

In some stories, Superman is said to project an aura that renders invulnerable any tight-fitting clothes he wears, and hence his costume is as durable as he is despite being made of common human-fractured cloth.

This concept was first introduced in Man of Steel 1 In other stories, Superman's costume is made out of exotic materials that are as tough as he is.

In Action Comics 1, Superman could not fly. He traveled by running and leaping, which he could do to a prodigious degree thanks to his strength.

Superman gained the ability to fly in the second episode of the radio serial in He can break the sound barrier, and in some stories, he can even fly faster than light to travel to distant galaxies.

Superman can project and perceive X-rays via his eyes, which allows him to see through objects. He first uses this power in Action Comics 11 Certain materials such as lead can block his X-ray vision.

Superman can project beams of heat from his eyes which are hot enough to melt steel. He first used this power in Superman 59 by applying his X-ray vision at its highest intensity.

In later stories, this ability is simply called "heat vision". Superman can hear sounds that are too faint for a human to hear, and at frequencies outside the human hearing range.

This ability was introduced in Action Comics 11 Since Action Comics 20 , Superman possesses superhuman breath, which enables him to inhale or blow huge amounts of air, as well as holding his breath indefinitely to remain underwater or space without adverse effects.

He has a significant focus of his breath's intensity to the point of freezing targets by blowing on them. The "freezing breath" was first demonstrated in Superman Action Comics 1 explained that Superman's strength was common to all Kryptonians because they were a species "millions of years advanced of our own".

In the first newspaper strips, Jor-El is shown running and leaping like Superman, and his wife survives a building collapsing on her.

Later stories explained they evolved superhuman strength simply because of Krypton's higher gravity. Superman established that Superman's abilities other than strength flight, durability, etc.

In Action Comics , all of his powers including strength are activated by yellow sunlight and can be deactivated by red sunlight similar to that of Krypton's sun.

Exposure to green kryptonite radiation nullifies Superman's powers and incapacitates him with pain and nausea; prolonged exposure will eventually kill him.

Although green kryptonite is the most commonly seen form, writers have introduced other forms over the years: such as red, gold, blue, white, and black, each with its own effect.

Kryptonite first appeared in a episode of the radio serial. Superman is also vulnerable to magic.

Enchanted weapons and magical spells affect Superman as easily as they would a normal human. This weakness was established in Superman Superman's first and most famous supporting character is Lois Lane , introduced in Action Comics 1.

She is a fellow journalist at the Daily Planet. As Jerry Siegel conceived her, Lois considers Clark Kent to be a wimp, but she is infatuated with the bold and mighty Superman, not knowing that Kent and Superman are the same person.

Siegel objected to any proposal that Lois discover that Clark is Superman because he felt that, as implausible as Clark's disguise is, the love triangle was too important to the book's appeal.

This was the first story in which Superman and Lois marry that wasn't an "imaginary tale. Other supporting characters include Jimmy Olsen , a photographer at the Daily Planet , who is friends with both Superman and Clark Kent, though in most stories he doesn't know that Clark is Superman.

Jimmy is frequently described as "Superman's pal", and was conceived to give young male readers a relatable character through which they could fantasize being friends with Superman.

Clark Kent's foster parents are Ma and Pa Kent. In many stories, one or both of them have died by the time Clark becomes Superman.

Clark's parents taught him that he should use his abilities for altruistic means, but that he should also find some way to safeguard his private life.

The villains Superman faced in the earliest stories were ordinary humans, such as gangsters, corrupt politicians, and violent husbands; but they soon grew more colorful and outlandish so as to avoid offending censors or scaring children.

Superman's best-known nemesis, Lex Luthor , was introduced in Action Comics 23 April and has been depicted as either a mad scientist or a wealthy businessman sometimes both.

The details Superman's story and supporting cast vary across his large body of fiction released since , but most versions conform to the basic template described above.

A few stories feature radically altered versions of Superman. DC Comics has on some occasions published crossover stories where different versions of Superman interact with each other using the plot device of parallel universes.

For instance, in the s, the Superman of "Earth-One" would occasionally feature in stories alongside the Superman of "Earth-Two", the latter of whom resembled Superman as he was portrayed in the s.

DC Comics has not developed a consistent and universal system to classify all versions of Superman.

Superman is often thought of as the first superhero. This point is debated by historians: Ogon Bat , the Phantom , Zorro , and Mandrake the Magician arguably fit the definition of the superhero yet predate Superman.

Nevertheless, Superman popularized the archetype and established its conventions: a costume, a codename, extraordinary abilities, and an altruistic mission.

The very word "superhero" is derived from "Superman". This flourishing is today referred to as America's Golden Age of Comic Books , which lasted from to about The Golden Age ended when American superhero book sales declined, leading to the cancellation of many characters; but Superman was one of the few superhero franchises that survived this decline, and his sustained popularity into the late s helped the second flourishing in the Silver Age of Comic Books , when characters such as Spider-Man , Iron Man , and The X-Men were created.

After World War 2, American superhero fiction entered Japanese culture. Astro Boy , first published in , was inspired by Mighty Mouse , which itself was a parody of Superman.

These shows were popular with the Japanese and inspired Japan's own prolific genre of superheroes. The first Japanese superhero movie, Super Giant , was released in Starting with the Pop Art period and on a continuing basis, since the s the character of Superman has been "appropriated" by multiple visual artists and incorporated into contemporary artwork, [] [] most notably by Andy Warhol [] [] , Roy Lichtenstein [] , Mel Ramos [] , Dulce Pinzon [] , Mr.

Lennox Campello [] , and others. Superman is the prototypical superhero and consequently the most frequently parodied.

In , Bugs Bunny was featured in a short, Super-Rabbit , which sees the character gaining powers through eating fortified carrots. This short ends with Bugs stepping into a phone booth to change into a real "Superman" and emerging as a U.

In Daffy Duck assumes the mantle of "Cluck Trent" in the short Stupor Duck , a role later reprised in various issues of the Looney Tunes comic book.

The manga and anime series Dr. Slump featured the character Suppaman ; a short, fat, pompous man who changes into a thinly veiled Superman-like alter-ego by eating a sour-tasting umeboshi.

Jerry Seinfeld , a noted Superman fan, filled his series Seinfeld with references to the character and in asked for Superman to co-star with him in a commercial for American Express.

Seagle's graphic novel Superman: It's a Bird exploring Seagle's feelings on his own mortality as he struggles to develop a story for a Superman tale.

Superman was depicted as emaciated and breathing from an oxygen tank, demonstrating that no-one is beyond the reach of the disease, and it can destroy the lives of everyone.

Superman has also featured as an inspiration for musicians, with songs by numerous artists from several generations celebrating the character.

Donovan 's Billboard Hot topping single " Sunshine Superman " utilized the character in both the title and the lyric, declaring "Superman and Green Lantern ain't got nothing on me.

This cover is referenced by Grant Morrison in Animal Man , in which Superman meets the character, and the track comes on Animal Man 's Walkman immediately after.

Superman has been interpreted and discussed in many forms in the years since his debut, with Umberto Eco noting that "he can be seen as the representative of all his similars".

He regarded Superman's character in the early seventies as a comment on the modern world, which he saw as a place in which "only the man with superpowers can survive and prosper.

Grayling, writing in The Spectator , traces Superman's stances through the decades, from his s campaign against crime being relevant to a nation under the influence of Al Capone , through the s and World War II, a period in which Superman helped sell war bonds , [] and into the s, where Superman explored the new technological threats.

Bush and the terrorist Osama bin Laden , America is in earnest need of a Saviour for everything from the minor inconveniences to the major horrors of world catastrophe.

And here he is, the down-home clean-cut boy in the blue tights and red cape". An influence on early Superman stories is the context of the Great Depression.

Superman took on the role of social activist, fighting crooked businessmen and politicians and demolishing run-down tenements.

Scott Bukatman has discussed Superman, and the superhero in general, noting the ways in which they humanize large urban areas through their use of the space, especially in Superman's ability to soar over the large skyscrapers of Metropolis.

He writes that the character "represented, in , a kind of Corbusierian ideal. Superman has X-ray vision: walls become permeable, transparent.

Through his benign, controlled authority, Superman renders the city open, modernist and democratic; he furthers a sense that Le Corbusier described in , namely, that 'Everything is known to us'.

Jules Feiffer has argued that Superman's real innovation lay in the creation of the Clark Kent persona, noting that what "made Superman extraordinary was his point of origin: Clark Kent.

Joe and I had certain inhibitions That's where the dual-identity concept came from" and Shuster supporting that as being "why so many people could relate to it".

Ian Gordon suggests that the many incarnations of Superman across media use nostalgia to link the character to an ideology of the American Way.

He defines this ideology as a means of associating individualism, consumerism, and democracy and as something that took shape around WWII and underpinned the war effort.

Superman, he notes was very much part of that effort. Superman is considered the prototypical superhero. He established the major conventions of the archetype: a selfless, prosocial mission; extraordinary, perhaps superhuman, abilities; a secret identity and codename; and a colorful costume that expresses his nature.

Superman's immigrant status is a key aspect of his appeal. The extraterrestrial origin was seen by Regalado as challenging the notion that Anglo-Saxon ancestry was the source of all might.

Through the use of a dual identity, Superman allowed immigrants to identify with both of their cultures. Clark Kent represents the assimilated individual, allowing Superman to express the immigrants' cultural heritage for the greater good.

He argues that Superman's early stories portray a threat: "the possibility that the exile would overwhelm the country.

Some see Judaic themes in Superman. For example, Moses as a baby was sent away by his parents in a reed basket to escape death and adopted by a foreign culture.

Gabriel , Ariel , who are airborne humanoid agents of good with superhuman powers. All that said, historians such as Martin Lund and Les Daniels argue that the evidence for Judaic influence is circumstantial.

Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster were not practicing Jews and never acknowledged the influence of Judaism in any memoir or interview.

Superman stories have occasionally exhibited Christian themes as well. Screenwriter Tom Mankiewicz consciously made Superman an allegory for Christ in the movie starring Christopher Reeve : baby Kal-El's ship resembles the Star of Bethlehem , and Jor-El gives his son a messianic mission to lead humanity into a brighter future.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the superhero. For other uses, see Superman disambiguation. Fictional superhero. Superman in Superman: Secret Origin 6 October Art by Gary Frank and Jon Sibal.

See list. Jerry Siegel , writer. Joe Shuster , illustrator. See also: Publication history of Superman and Superman franchise. See also: List of Superman comics.

Superman 6 Sept. Cover art by Joe Shuster , the character's artist co-creator. See also: Superman comic strip. Main article: Superman franchise.

Main article: List of Superman video games. Main article: Copyright lawsuits by Superman's creators. See also: National Comics Publications v.

Fawcett Publications. More powerful than a locomotive! Able to leap tall buildings at a single bound!

Up in the sky! Superman — defender of law and order, champion of equal rights, valiant, courageous fighter against the forces of hate and prejudice who, disguised as Clark Kent, mild-mannered reporter for a great metropolitan newspaper, fights a never-ending battle for truth, justice and the American way.

See also: Superman character and cast and List of Superman supporting characters. Main article: List of Superman enemies.

Main article: Alternative versions of Superman. Title card of Super-Rabbit. An early parody cartoon featuring Bugs Bunny as Superman.

See also: Superman in popular music. Comics portal Speculative fiction portal. Jerry Siegel always referred to this publisher as "Consolidated" in all interviews and memoirs.

Humor Publishing was possibly a subsidiary of Consolidated. On September 30, , these two companies merged to become National Comics Publications.

In , the company changed its name to National Periodical Publications. Since , the publisher had placed a logo with the initials "DC" on all its magazine covers, and consequently "DC Comics" became an informal name for the publisher.

Because the copyright to Action Comics 1 was in its renewal term on October 27, the date the Copyright Term Extension Act became effective , its copyright will expire 95 years after first publication.

See Catalog of Copyright Entries. United States Library of Congress. January Summarized in Ricca Super Boys , pp.

Superman: The Complete History , p. Creation of a Superhero unpublished memoir, written c. Something more terrific than the other adventure strips on the market!

Superman , p. He gained fantastic strength, bullets bounced off him, etc. He fought crime with the fury of an outraged avenger.

I understand that the comic strip Dr. Fu Manchu ran into all sorts of difficulties because the main character was a villain.

And with the example before us of Tarzan and other action heroes of fiction who were very successful, mainly because people admired them and looked up to them, it seemed the sensible thing to do to make The Superman a hero.

The first piece was a short story, and that's one thing, but creating a successful comic strip with a character you'll hope will continue for many years, it would definitely be going in the wrong direction to make him a villain.

He was simply wearing a T-shirt and pants; he was more like Slam Bradley than anything else — just a man of action. We don't specifically recall if the character had a costume or not.

Superman on Film, Television, Radio and Broadway , p. Detective Dan was little more than a Dick Tracy clone, but here, for the first time, in a series of black-and-white illustrations, was a comic magazine with an original character appearing in all-new stories.

This was a dramatic departure from other comic magazines, which simply reprinted panels from the Sunday newspaper comic strips.

Livingston in his hotel room, and he was favorably impressed. The Superman". Comic Book Marketplace.

Gemstone Publishing Inc. Super Boys , p. Allen St. John, and even Bernie Schmittke [ At my request, he gave me as a gift the torn cover.

We continued collaborating on other projects. Superman argues that the account from the memoir is the truth and that Shuster lied in the interview to avoid tension.

See also Creation of a Superhero unpublished memoir by Jerry Siegel, written c. He did not send me a copy of it.

Entertainment, Inc. He stated that in his opinion "Superman" was already a tremendous hit and that he would be glad to collaborate with me on "Superman".

Men of Tomorrow , p. Compilation available at Dropbox. He wrote that he was completely withdrawing from any participation at all in the "Superman" comic strip and that as far as he was concerned: "the book is closed".

Unhappily, I destroyed the letter. I did that because that was my concept from what he described, but he did inspire me [ They occasionally claimed to have developed it immediately in Daniels writes: " Siegel's collaboration with Russell Keaton in contains no description nor illustration of Superman in costume.

In the third version, Superman wore sandals laced halfway up the calf. You can still see this on the cover of Action 1, though they were covered over in red to look like boots when the comic was printed.

See Ricca Our experience with him had been such that we did not consider him the publisher to entrust with the property and his proposal was rejected.

National Comics Publications Inc. Archived from the original on December 22, Retrieved December 20, — via Scribd. Note: Archive of p. This was a three-way call between Gaines, Liebowitz and myself.

Gaines informed me that the syndicate was unable to use the various strips which I had sent for inclusion in the proposed syndicate newspaper tabloid.

He asked my permission to turn these features, including "Superman", over to Detective Comics' publishers for consideration for their proposed new magazine, "Action Comics".

I consented. Quoted in Ricca The Life and Times of Jerry Siegel unpublished memoir, written c. The Saturday Evening Post. Archived PDF from the original on September 13, They knew that was how the business worked - that's how they'd sold every creation from Henri Duval to Slam Bradley.

Carter was able to leap great distances because the planet Mars was smaller that [sic] the planet Earth; and he had great strength.

I visualized the planet Krypton as a huge planet, much larger than Earth; so whoever came to Earth from that planet would be able to leap great distances and lift great weights.

It influenced me, too. Science Fiction Studies. Sign up Log in. Web icon An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine Texts icon An illustration of an open book.

Books Video icon An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video Audio icon An illustration of an audio speaker.

Audio Software icon An illustration of a 3. Software Images icon An illustration of two photographs. Images Donate icon An illustration of a heart shape Donate Ellipses icon An illustration of text ellipses.

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3 Kommentare

  1. Majora

    Ich denke, dass Sie nicht recht sind. Ich kann die Position verteidigen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM, wir werden umgehen.

  2. Meziran

    Wacker, die glänzende Phrase und ist termingemäß

  3. Zutaur

    Unvergleichlich topic, mir ist es)))) interessant

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